Mantra is a Sanskrit word which means “sacred formula”. Originally, the Mantras are abstracts from ancient Hindu texts (Vedas) and are used to support meditation. A Mantra is recited; it is a resonant and rhythmic incantation based on a single letter, a word or a complete sentence. Mantras are made of sounds. These sounds give to Mantras a vibrating quality and a specific energy. A Mantra helps focus the mind which tends to wander.
Using Mantras is a very common Indian tradition. In traditional Ashtanga Yoga, two Mantras are chanted: the first one before the beginning of the practice, and the other at the end. The ending Mantra can be the traditional one or simply Om Shanti Shanti Shantihi.
These Mantras are learned by word of mouth, the students repeating after the teacher. They do not have religious meaning but are sang to celebrate this ancient tradition transmitted from teacher to student over thousands of years, and the benefits of yoga.
It is considered the most sacred of the Vedas, the ancient texts of Hinduism. It is an invocation to the Sun, which can be done during sunrise and sunset; It is also a metaphor to invoke the Existence that illuminates our minds daily.
Om bhūr bhuvah svah
Tát savitúr várenyam
Bhárgo devásya dhīmahi
Bhíyo yó nah pracodáyāt
Om shanti Shanti Shantihi
Om earth, atmosphere and heaven
that light adores Splendor divine meditate
Intellect who inspires our minds
Om peace peace peace.